Shipwrecks

About the Exhibit

“For God’s sake come we are sinking” was the final message sent from the steamship Princess Sophia. On October 24, 1918, in a blinding snowstorm, the Sophia struck Vanderbilt Reef on her way from Skagway to Juneau. Extreme weather conditions and high seas thwarted rescue efforts, and the ship went down with 343 passengers. There were no survivors other than a dog.

In terms of lives lost, the Princess Sophia was the worst maritime disaster in Alaska history; however, between 1878 and 1915, alone, 87 ships wrecked along Alaska’s rugged coast. In many instances, there were photographers on hand to document the disasters. When the Princess May hit a reef off Sentinel Island on August 5, 1910, she stayed on the rocks for nearly a month. All passengers were safely evacuated, and there was ample time for W. H. Case to take memorable photographs.

The legacies of some shipwrecks live on to this day. Several attempts have been made to recover the Klondike gold that went down with the Islander south of Juneau on August 14, 1901. In 1934, the main hull was raised from the seabed and beached on Admiralty Island, but salvagers were disappointed to find only $75, 000 worth of gold instead of the anticipated millions. Hope for riches persist, however, because the bow of the ship is still on the ocean floor and salvage efforts continue.

Decades later, shipwrecks can also leave behind environmental hazards. In 2010, the United States Coast Guard and the Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation successfully removed bunker oil that had been leaking from the Princess Kathleen, which ran aground and sunk in foul weather near Lena Point, Juneau, on September 7, 1952. Ironically, the shipwreck lies just off the rocky point on which the new NOAA Ted Stevens Marine Research Facility has been built.

Images From the Historical Collections

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Last traces of the Princess Sophia, 1918

Pacific Coast Steamship Company ship wrecked on Point Augusta, 1917

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Princess May wrecked on Sentinel Island, 1910

Skookum wreck on the beaches of Nome

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Tanker Exxon Valdez towed to Naked Island, 1989

Last of the Princess Kathleen sinking under the waves, 1952

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US Coast Guard Cutter, Storis, races to save the crew of Alaskan Monarch, 1990

Sinking of the cruise ship Prinsendam, 1980

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The vessels Greyhound and Mary C. crushed by ice off the coast of Nome, 1907

Wreck of the steamship Spokane in Seymour Narrows, 1911

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The Toledo stranded on Turnigan Arm, 1906

Wreck of the Mariechen at False Bay

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The steamship Zapora on a rocky beach

Steamship Amur after going on the rocks in Wrangell Narrows, 1911

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Wreck of the Olga at Nome, 1909

WWII landing craft wrecked at South Head, Kiska, 1943

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Wreck of the Admiral Evons atHawk Inlet, 1918

Wreck of S.S. Yukon on Sanak Island, 1913

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Painting by C. Eisele of wreck of the steamship Ancon at the village of Loring

Survivors of the S.S. Karluk of the Canadian Arctic Expedition, ca. 1914

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Salvage of The Islander between the Griffson and Forest Pride, Admiralty Island, 1934

More Information on Alaskan Shipwrecks



Page last updated 09/05/2017

Division of Libraries, Archives & Museums
Department of Education & Early Development

Alaska State Library
& Historical Collections

Information Services:
907.465.2920 | asl@alaska.gov

Historical Collections:
907.465.2925 | asl.historical@alaska.gov

Alaska State Library
& Talking Book Center

Phone: 1.888.820.4525
tbc@alaska.gov

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